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What Is Included In a Well Inspection?

Wooden well in the village. Wooden well on the background of green foliage.

Using a well as your primary source of water comes with many perks. No more water bills. Refreshing, clean, and mineral-rich water that tastes great. You might not even think about well inspections.

However, you’ll want to test the well water first to ensure you can safely take advantage of all the benefits it offers. So, before you decide to purchase a home with a private well, here’s everything you need to know about well inspections and making sure your water is safe to use.

During the inspection, the licensed professional will also be looking to see if the well meets state regulations and criteria. Each state’s criteria vary, but generally, the inspector will ensure the well is in a proper location on the property and that there is no damage to the construction or parts of the well. 

When Do You Need A Well Inspection?

You’ll likely only have to worry about a well inspection if you’re purchasing a home in a more rural area. Many rural homes aren’t connected to public water services. This means should anything go wrong, you won’t receive help from the city. You’re on your own for any repairs or added filtration systems. 

Getting a well inspection before you purchase a home can save you a lot of time, energy, and money. For instance, if you discover a well needs expensive repairs or the water isn’t safe to drink or use, you may want to reconsider your purchase. Or you could negotiate a lower deal with the seller. Either way, you want to know you’re living in a home where the water is safe to consume.

If you purchase a home with a well, a well inspection won’t be a one-time thing. Ideally, your well should be inspected every year to ensure your water is safe, and the well remains working properly. 

Before you buy land with a well, you may also benefit from doing a bit of research into the groundwater in your area. Search for known water issues through the EPA, talk to neighbors about any problems, and ask your real estate agent about any known water concerns in the area.

What Does A Well Inspection Include?

A well inspection includes several tests. However, the main two tests include testing for water safety and for water quantity.

Water Purity

Foremost, an inspection tests for water safety and purity. The inspector takes a water sample from the tap in your home and then sends it to a lab for testing. Once tested, you’ll receive a report detailing what is in your water and what the passing limit is for each element found.

The water inspection usually tests for PH levels, hardness, alkalinity, and turbidity, which essentially means the cloudiness or clarity of the water. The lab results will also reveal the minerals present in your water. Typically, your water is tested for iron, calcium, manganese, copper, fluoride, and chloride. 

For many, a big draw of owning a well is for the natural minerals. Water high in minerals contains health and nutrient benefits. Plus, minerals tend to make the water taste better too. 

Along with mineral testing, the inspection also tests for coliform bacteria and volatile organic compounds, or VOCs. You especially don’t want to find VOCs in your water as they pose a huge health hazard. VOCs examples include human-made chemicals, gasoline compounds like MtBE and benzene, and even chloroform. You don’t want these in your water.

The inspector should also test your well for radon. In many areas, radon isn’t automatically included in the list of elements tested so you’ll want to be sure to specifically request for a radon test. 

Water Quantity

Your water inspection will also test for water quantity. You don’t want to be left in the shower with a head full of shampoo and no water. You’ll want to ensure your well is able to provide enough water for the needs of your family. And if you have a larger household, your well may need upgrades to fulfill your water needs.

To test water quantity, the inspector measures the dimensions and depth of the well and conducts a flow rate test. The flow indicates the amount of water coming from your well, and the flow rate measures the number of gallons per minute. 

On average, a home needs 100 to 120 gallons per person per day. The flow rate should be around 6 to 12 gallons per minute. This ensures you have accurate water pressure and enough water to meet basic needs such as bathing, cooking, and washing.

During the inspection, the inspector will also check your pressure tank. The inspector will look for any rusting, leaking, or other mechanical defects that could result in low water pressure or contamination.

Water & Well Testing Inspections in Colorado

Never take a chance on water purity or the condition of your well in Colorado or any other state for that matter.  Water is the primary source for all living things and clean water is essential for humans to remain in good health.  In rural areas, we rely on our wells to produce clean and pure water and in Colorado, especially the mountainous areas, well water is what we use 99% of the time.  PineBreeze Inspections will protect your family by making sure not only your water is safe, but the systems supporting your clean water are fully functional and efficient.  When we are finished with your well and water inspection, you can hydrate with confidence!